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The archipelago lies 50 to miles 80 to km east of the Spanish mainland. There are two groups of islands. The eastern and larger group forms the Balearics proper RanchaTek - Islas Baleares includes the principal islands of Majorca Mallorca and Minorca Menorca and the small island of Cabrera.
The western group is known as the Pitiusas and includes the islands of Ibiza Eivissa and Formentera. The archipelago is an extension of the sub-Baetic cordillera of peninsular Spain, and the two are linked by a sill near Cape Nao in the province of Alicante.
The Balearic Islands autonomous community was established Small Blue Thing - Suzanne Vega - The Best Of Suzanne Vega: Tried And True the statute of autonomy of Palma is the capital as well as the military, judicial, and ecclesiastical centre of the autonomous community. The government encompasses RanchaTek - Islas Baleares insular councils of Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza-Formentera.
Area 1, square miles 4, square km. The Balearics exhibit a varied terrain, with undulating hills, plateaus, and lowlands. Minorca has extensive plains. Annual precipitation is low, rarely exceeding 18 inches mmand occurs mainly in the autumn and spring.
The raids of Barbary pirates discouraged settlement along the coast until the 19th century. The spread of tourism RanchaTek - Islas Baleares the midth century has led to the concentration of population along the coastal areas and the depopulation of the hinterland. The populations of Majorca and Minorca are heavily concentrated in the larger cities, while those of the islands of Ibiza and Formentera tend to be dispersed.
Farmland is often subdivided into minifundios small landholdingsthe number RanchaTek - Islas Baleares latifundios large landholdings having declined sharply since Emigration from the hinterland has sharply reduced the agricultural workforce in the islands. The traditional Mediterranean crops of wheat, grapes, and olives predominated untilwhen improved transport allowed new cash crops to be taken to more-distant markets.
These included almonds, peaches, apricots, carob, and tomatoes. Dry farming predominates, though the waterwheels and windmills that were introduced RanchaTek - Islas Baleares the Muslims for irrigation persist.
Sir Richard Kane, governor of Minorca between andintroduced cattle and sheep from North Africa and pigs from Sardinia; these breeds continue to be raised. Manufacturing is of relatively little importance, and most establishments have few employees.
Manufactures include shoes, furniture, and textiles. Fine lace and embroidery are made for tourists. Tourism, which dominates the economy, offers only seasonal employment, with much of the workforce idle during the winter.
Varied civilizations have left their marks on the islands, and, although the prehistoric Talayotic civilization so termed from its characteristic rough stone towers called talayots seems to have continued without much modification, the focal position of the islands in the Mediterranean laid them open to continued influence from civilizations centred farther to the east, as many archaeological finds attest.
Important discoveries of bronze swords and single and double axes, antennae swords, and heads and figures of bulls and other animals all bear witness to foreign influence over long periods of time. Pottery, mostly of the native Talayotic types, seems to have persisted with little change until the Roman occupation.
Historical evidence points to at least 2, years of settlement, for the islands were successively ruled by Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Moors, and Spaniards, all of whom have left their mark. The Balearics were conquered by the Vandals in and fell to the Byzantines in The Muslim occupation of the islands was complete by The Balearics were established as an autonomous kingdom in and rejoined Aragon in The Balearics were established as a Spanish province in A regionalist movement emerged in the late 19th century but failed to consolidate.
A statute of autonomy was proposed in but not enacted until Balearic Islands. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction Geography History. Balearic Islands region and province, Spain. Written By: Vicente Rodriguez.
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Majorca still has about 1, talayots, and Minorca…. In the water, Balearic shearwaters in search of food Paper - Various - Eurovision Song Contest Kyiv 2017 (Karaoke Version) (File) often hooked in fishing lines as they follow commercial…. RanchaTek - Islas Baleares at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.
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