La Monte Thornton Young born October 14, is an American avant-garde composer, musician, and artist recognized as one of the first American minimalist composers. He has engaged in musical and multimedia collaborations with a wide range of artists, including Tony ConradPandit Pran NathJohn CaleTerry Rileyand multimedia artist Marian Zazeelawith whom he developed Le Reye Dandre - Raoul Guillaume Et Son Groupe* - Les Grands Succes De - Vol.
1 Dream House sound and light environment. Young sees his work as calling Finish What You Started - Lea Salonga - Lea Salonga question the nature and definition of music. Young was born in a log cabin in Bern, Idahowhere as a child he was influenced by the droning sounds of the environment, such as blowing wind and electrical transformers. During his childhood, Young's family moved several times before settling in Los Angeles, as his father searched for work.
In he attended the summer courses at the Darmstadt School under Karlheinz Stockhausenand in relocated to New York in order to study electronic music with Richard Maxfield at the New School for Social Research. His compositions during this period were influenced by Anton WebernGregorian chantIndian classical musicJapanese Gagakuand Indonesian gamelan music. Inhe developed the Trio for Strings, originally scored for violin, viola, and cello, which would presage his work Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2 proceeding years.
The Trio for Strings has been described as an "origin point for minimalism. At Tudor's suggestion, Young engaged in a correspondence with Cage. Within a few months Young was presenting some of Cage's music on the West Coast. In turn, Cage and Tudor included some of Young's works in performances throughout the U. Influenced by Cage, Young at this time took a turn toward the Various - Evolution (Rödelheim 2000-2001), using principles of indeterminacy in his compositions and incorporating non-traditional sounds, noises, Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2 actions.
When Young moved to New York inhe had already established a reputation as an enfant terrible of the avant-garde. He initially developed an artistic relationship with Fluxus founder George Maciunas who designed the book Young edited An Anthology of Chance Operations and other members of the nascent movement.
Yoko Onofor example, hosted a series Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2 concerts curated Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2 Young at her loft, and absorbed, it seems, his often parodic and politically charged aesthetic.
Young's works of the time, scored as short haiku-like texts, though conceptual and extreme, were not meant to be merely provocative but, rather, dream-like. His Compositions includes a number of unusual actions. Some of them are unperformable, but each deliberately examines a certain presupposition about the nature of music and art and carries ideas to an extreme. One instructs: "draw a straight line and follow it" a directive which he has said has guided his life and work since.
Another states that "this piece is a little whirlpool out in the middle of the ocean. Yet another challenges the Glass Conductor - Father Beard - Tokens, Then Light to push a piano through a wall.
Composition 7 proved especially pertinent to his future endeavors: it consisted of a B, an Fa perfect fifth, and the instruction: "To be held for a long time. Most of his pieces after this point are based on select pitches, played continuously, and a group of long held pitches to be improvised upon. For The Four Dreams of China Young began to plan Dream Housea light and sound installation conceived as a "work that would be played continuously and ultimately exist as a 'living organism with a life and tradition of its own,'" where musicians would live and create music twenty-four hours a day.
Since the group has seen many Comprendes Mendez - Various - Remixes Universal and has included Garrett ListJon HassellAlex Deaand many others, including members of the 60s groups. Young and Zazeela's first continuous electronic sound environment was created in their loft on Church Street, New York in September with sine wave generators and light sources designed to produce a continuous installation of floating sculptures and color The Northern Pikes - Things I Do For Money, and a series of slides entitled "Ornamental Lightyears Tracery".
This Dream House environment was maintained almost continuously from September to Januarybeing turned off only to listen to "other music" and to study the contrast between extended periods in it and periods of silence. Young and Zazeela worked, sang and lived in it and studied the effects on themselves and visitors. Performances were often extreme in length, Formulas And Frequencies - Whirr - Pipe Dreams Redux by Young as having no beginning and no end, existing before and after any particular performance.
In their daily lives, too, Young and Zazeela practiced an extended sleep-waking schedule—with "days" longer than twenty-four hours. Beginning in interests in Asian classical music and a wish to be able to find the intervals he had been using in his work led Young to pursue studies with Pandit Pran Nath.
Young considers The Well-Tuned Piano —a permuting composition of themes and improvisations for just-intuned solo piano—to be his masterpiece. Young gave the world premiere of The Well-Tuned Piano in Rome inten years after the creation of the piece.
Previously, Young had presented it as a recorded work. InYoung premiered it in New York with eleven live performances during the months of April and May. It is strongly influenced by mathematical composition as well as Hindustani classical music practice. Since the s, Young and Zazeela have realized a long series of semi-permanent Dream House installations, which combine Young's just-intuned sine waves in elaborate, symmetrical configurations and Zazeela's quasi-calligraphic light sculptures.
Later, model Dream House environments were presented in various locations of Europe and the United States. Inthe two released Dream House 78' 17". This ensemble, performing Indian classical music of the Kirana Gharanamerges the traditions of Western and Hindustani classical music, with Young applying his own compositional approach to traditional raga performance, form, and technique.
Young's first musical influence came in early childhood in Bern. He relates that "the very first sound that I recall hearing was the sound of wind blowing under the eaves and around the log extensions at the corners of the log cabin". Continuous sounds—human-made as well as natural—fascinated him as a child.
He described himself as fascinated from a young age by droning sounds, such as "the sound of the wind blowing", the "60 cycle per second drone [of] step-down transformers on telephone poles", the tanpura drone and the alap of Indian classical music"certain static aspects of serialism Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2as in the Webern slow movement of the Symphony Opus 21", and Japanese gagaku "which has sustained tones in it in the instruments such as the Sho".
Jazz is one of his main influences and until he planned to devote his career to it. Jazz was, together with Indian musican important influence on the use of improvisation in his works after The discovery of the tamburawhich he learned to play with Pandit Pran Nathwas a decisive influence in his interest in long sustained sounds.
Young also acknowledges the influence of Japanese musicespecially Gagakuand Pygmy music. La Monte Young discovered classical music rather late, thanks to his teachers at university. Young was also keen to pursue his musical endeavors with the help of psychedelics.
CannabisLSD and peyote played an important part in Young's life from mids onwards, when he was introduced to them by Terry Jennings and Billy Higgins. He said that "everybody [he] knew and worked with was very much into drugs as a creative tool as well as a consciousness-expanding tool". This was the case with the musicians of the Theatre of Eternal Musicwith whom he "got high for every concert: the whole group". He commented on the subject:.
Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2 tools can be used to your advantage if you're a master of [them] If used wisely—the correct tool for the correct job—they can play an important role It allows you to go within yourself and focus on certain frequency relationships and memory relationships in a very, very interesting way. It has also been notably influential on John Cale 's contribution to The Velvet Underground 's sound; Cale has been quoted as saying "LaMonte [Young] was perhaps the best part of my education and my introduction to musical discipline.
Brian Eno was similarly influenced by Young's work, calling him "the daddy of us all. Uwe Husslein cites film-maker Jonas Mekaswho accompanied Warhol to the Trio premiere and claims that Warhol's static films were directly inspired by the performance.
Drone rock pioneer Dylan Carlson has stated Young's work as being a major influence to him. From Wikipedia, the Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2 encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Lamont Young. American composer. Bern, IdahoU. Retrieved April 11, Retrieved June 12, The Guardian.
Retrieved April 16, The Observer. New York Times. La Monte Young. The Village Voice. Retrieved November 7, Retrieved July 20, The Wire. Archived from the original on September 27, MELA Foundation.
Retrieved on Twelve-tone and serial composers. Minimal music. Drone Phasing Untitled - Various - Dream House Volume 1.2 music Repetition. Maximalism Postminimalism Repetitive music Totalism. Hannah Higgins. Categories : births Living people 20th-century classical composers Minimalist composers Los Angeles City College alumni University of California, Los Angeles alumni Experimental composers American male classical composers American classical composers 21st-century classical composers Fluxus Just intonation composers People from Bear Lake County, Idaho Guggenheim Fellows Pupils of Pran Nath musician Pupils of Karlheinz Stockhausen Pupils of Leonard Stein 21st-century American composers String quartet composers 20th-century American composers 20th-century American male musicians 21st-century American male musicians.
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