Label: Passport - PAS 16232 • Format: CD Compilation • Country: Canada • Genre: Folk, World, & Country • Style: Folk
The Act I - André Kostelanetz And His Orchestra - Verdi: Aida Opera-For_Orchestra of Greece is as diverse and celebrated as its history. Greek music separates into two parts: Greek traditional music and Byzantine musicwith more eastern sounds.
Greek musical history extends far back into ancient Greecesince music was a major part To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece ancient Greek theater. In the 19th century, opera composers, like Nikolaos Mantzaros —Spyridon Xyndas — and Spyridon Samaras — and symphonists, like Dimitris Lialios and Dionysios Rodotheatos revitalized Greek art music.
However, the diverse history of art music in Greece, which extends from the Cretan Renaissance and reaches modern times, exceeds the aims of the present article, which is, in general, limited to the presentation of the musical forms that have become synonymous to 'Greek music' during the last few decades; that is, the 'Greek song' or the 'song in Greek verse'. In ancient Greecemen usually performed choruses for entertainment, celebration, and spiritual reasons. Instruments included the double-reed aulos and the plucked string instrument like pandurathe kanonakithe lyreespecially the special kind called a kithara.
Music was an important part of education in ancient Greece, and boys were taught music starting at age six. Greek musical literacy created a flowering of development; Greek music theory included the Greek musical modeseventually became the basis for Eastern and Western religious music and classical music.
Due to Rome's reverence for Greek culture, the Romans borrowed the Greek method  of 'enchiriadic notation' marks which indicated the general shape of the tune but not the exact notes or rhythms to record their music, if they used any notation at all.
The tradition of eastern liturgical chant, encompassing the Greek -speaking world, developed in the Byzantine Empire from the establishment of its capital, Constantinoplein until its fall in It is undeniably of composite origin, drawing on the artistic and technical productions of the classical Greek age, on Jewish musicand inspired by the monophonic vocal music that evolved in the early Greek Christian cities of AlexandriaAntioch and Ephesus see also Early Christian music.
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The Greeks were familiar, in a period that stretched from the 15th century to the time of Greek war of independencewith Greek folk music and dances from Byzantine music and more specifically, with hymns: Church music.
They were forms of a mono music that had many elements of ancient Greek origin but also, they had nothing to do with Western polyphonic music. The bands were typically led by a female vocalist and included a violin. This period also brought in the Rebetiko movement, which had local Smyrnaic and Byzantine influences. Greek folk traditions are To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece to derive from the music played by ancient Greeks.
Akritic music comes from the 9th century akritesor border guards of the Byzantine Empire. Following the end of the Byzantine period, klephtic music arose before the Greek Revolutiondeveloped among the klefteswarriors who To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece against the Ottoman Empire.
Klephtic music is monophonic and uses no harmonic accompaniment. Many of the earliest recordings were done by Arvanites like Georgia Mittaki and Yiorgios Papasideris. Greek folk music is found all throughout Greece Cyprus and several regions of Turkeyas well as among communities in countries like the United StatesCanada and Australia.
The island of Cyprus and several regions of Turkey are home to long-standing communities of Greeks in Turkey with their own unique styles of music. Nisiotika is a general term denoting folk songs from the Greek islands, especially the Aegean Islands.
At first it was a very slow dance, but today Ikariotikos is a very quick dance. Some specialists say that the traditional Ikariotikos was slow and the quick "version" of it is in fact Ballos. Music and dancing are major forms of entertainment in Ikaria.
Throughout the year Ikarians host baptisms, weddings, parties and religious Sei Gepriesen, Die Lauschige Nacht (Die Landstreicher) - Heinz Hoppe - Ja, Das Alles Auf Ehr where one can listen and dance to live traditional Ikarian Music.
The Cretan lyra is the dominant folk instrument on the island; it is a three-stringed bowed instrument similar to the Byzantine Lyra. The violin is used also in Cretan music. The most renowned player of the violin is the Antonis Martsakis which is also a dancer. Mandolin is also used in Cretan music. The bass in that music coming from the laouto. Giannis Haroulis and Michalis Tzouganakis are notable artists of the instrument. The Cretan music theme Zorba's dance by Mikis Theodorakis incorporating elements from the hasapiko dance which appears in the Hollywood movie Zorba the Greek remains the best-known Greek song abroad.
It was through the Pinocchio - Miles Davis - The Columbia Years 1955-1985 islands which were under Venetian rule and influence that all the major advances of the western European classical music were introduced to mainland Greeks. The Church music Byzantine of the islands is also different from the rest of Greece, with significant western and Catholic influences on the Orthodox rite.
Born in Smyrnahe attended school in Constantinople and studied piano and composition in Vienna. His work drew influences also from the Greek folk musicpoetry he was an admirer of Kostis Palamas and myth, aiming to combine the German Romanticism with Greek motives.
In he founded the Hellenic Conservatory and in The Mood - The Bohicas - The Making Of National Conservatoire. Representatives are also Nikos Skalkottaswho drew his influences also from Greek folk tradition, Emilios Riadis and the conductor Dimitris Mitropoulos.
For the first part of the next century, several Greek composers continued to borrow elements from the Heptanesean style. Despite the fact that the Athenian songs were not autonomous artistic creations in contrast with the serenades and despite their original connection with mainly dramatic forms Fuck Enuf Woman (Club Mix) - Ian Sweetness & Saba Tooth / Squidly Ranks - You Dont No / Fuck Enuf W Artthey eventually became hits as independent songs.
Italian opera had also a great influence on the musical aesthetics of the modern Greeks. Some popular operettas include:. Afterwavering among American and European musical influences as well as the Greek musical tradition, Greek composers begin to write music using the tunes of the tangosambawaltzswingbolerofoxtrotsome times combined with melodies in the style of Athenian serenades' repertory. Nikos Gounaris was probably the most renowned composer and singer of the time often called "Mr.
Giorgos Mouzakis was a prominent virtuoso trumpeter borrowed latin jazz elementswhile Attik and Michalis Souyioul were also among the most succeeded and popular composers. Rebetiko was initially associated with the lower and poor classes, but later reached greater general acceptance as the rough edges of its overt subcultural character were softened and polished. Rebetiko probably originated in the music of the larger Greek cities, most of them coastal, in today's Greece and Asia Minor.
Emerged by the s as the urban folk music To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece Greek society's outcasts. The earliest Greek rebetiko singers refugees, drug-users, criminals and itinerants were scorned by mainstream society. They sang heartrending tales of drug abuse, prison and violence, usually accompanied by the bouzouki.
They settled in poor neighborhoods in PiraeusThessalonikiand Athens. Many of these immigrants were highly educated, such as songwriter Vangelis Papazoglouand Panagiotis Toundascomposer and leader of Odeon Records ' Greek subsidiary, who are traditionally considered as the founders of the Smyrna School of Rebetiko.
Groups of men would sit in a circle, smoke hashish from a hookahand improvise music of various kinds. With the coming of the Metaxas dictatorshiprebetiko was suppressed due to the uncompromising lyrics. Hashish dens, baglamas and bouzouki were banned, or at least playing in the eastern-style manner and scales.
Some of the earliest To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece of Greek music, such as the quartet of Anestis DeliasMarkos VamvakarisStratos Payioumtzis and Yiorgos Batis came out of this music scene. Vamvakaris became perhaps the first renowned rebetiko musician after the beginning of his solo career. The scene was soon popularized further by stars like Vassilis Tsitsanis. InManolis Chiotis added a fourth pair of strings to the bouzoukiwhich allowed it to be played as a guitar and set the stage for the future ' electrification ' of rebetiko.
In the s Manolis Chiotis popularized the eight-string bouzouki and set the stage for the future ' electrification ' of rebetiko. Rebetiko in its original form was revived during the Junta of —when the Regime of the Colonels banned it. After the end of the Junta, many revival groups and solo artists appeared. Thanos Mikroutsikos released an album featuring Greek partisan songs of the Greek resistancewith his own orchestration.
The latter was the Greek version of the international urban music of the era. Going Back To Bed - Tony Joe White - The Beginning the most significant songwriters and lyricists of this period are considered George ZambetasManolis Hiotis and Vassilis Tsitsanis ; of course the big names of this kind are still in Greek business.
The genre's sound To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece an imitation of the then contemporary Cuban and Mexican folk music,  but also had elements from the early Athenian popular songs. Over the years until today, the aim of Greek music scene is only one: quality. Virtuoso musicians and expressive singers take every season, with more professionalism and love for what they do to entertain the Greek audience, to lure and to make it dance with the songs and music that everyone loves.
All this music effort take place in Europe and internationally. Greek-American music includes styles like Entechnorebetiko and Greek folk music. The Greek music culture exists as a To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece aspect of Hellenic cultureboth within Greece and in the diaspora. In the s, several new artists emerged. The choice of contrasting the notions of "westernized" and "genuine" To Pallikari Kaimo - Unknown Artist - The Music Of Greece often be based on ideological and aesthetic grounds.
It is performed with electric bouzouki and guitars. It is associated with mass entertainment of lower quality and until the s was marginal, but gained popularity after the s.
Savvopoulos mixed American musicians like Bob Dylan and Frank Zappa with Macedonian folk music and politically incisive lyrics. There are however other composers of instrumental and incidental music including filmscores and music for the stagewhose work cannot be easily classified, such as Stamatis SpanoudakisGiannis SpanosGiorgos HatzinasiosGiorgos TsangarisNikos KypourgosNikos MamangakisEleni Karaindrouand Evanthia Remboutsika.
Vangelis and Yanni were also Greek instrumental composers who became internationally renowned. The following classification is conventional and categories may occasionally overlap with each other. Each artist is entried under the genre designation that the Greek musical press usually classifies him or her. Since the late s various independent scenes of "marginal" musical genres have appeared in Greece mainly in AthensPiraeusand Thessaloniki.
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