Label: Musical Heritage Society - MHS 1285 • Format: Vinyl LP, Reissue, Stereo • Country: US • Genre: Classical •
Sir Edward Elgar 's Symphony Op 55 - Sir Edward Elgar / London Philharmonic Orchestra*. It was widely known that Elgar had been planning a symphony for more than ten years, and the announcement Op 55 - Sir Edward Elgar / London Philharmonic Orchestra* he had finally completed it aroused enormous interest. The critical reception was enthusiastic, and the public response unprecedented.
The symphony is regularly programmed by British orchestras, and features occasionally in concert programmes in North America and continental Europe. It is well represented on record, with recordings ranging from the composer's version with the London Symphony Orchestra to modern digital recordings, of which more than 20 have been issued since the mids.
Nearly ten years before composing his first symphony, Elgar had been intrigued by the idea Числовой континуум - K-Kvadrat - Möbius Strip writing a symphony to commemorate General Charles George Gordon rather as Beethoven 's Eroica was originally intended to celebrate Napoleon Bonaparte.
As he passed his 50th birthday he turned to his boyhood compositions which he reshaped into The Wand of Youth suites during the summer of After his return to England he worked on the rest of the symphony during the summer of Elgar had abandoned the idea of a "Gordon" symphony, in favour of a wholly non-programmatic work.
He had come to consider abstract music as the pinnacle of orchestral composition. In he gave a lecture on Johannes Brahms 's Symphony No. He thought music, as a simple art, was at its best when it was simple, without description, as in the case of the Brahms symphony. The symphony was dedicated "To Hans Richter, Mus.
True Artist and true Friend. The Musical Times wrote in"To state that Elgar's Symphony has achieved immediate and phenomenal success is the bare truth. There were performances in Chicago, BostonToronto and 15 British towns and cities.
The Musical Times printed a digest of press comments on the symphony. The Daily Telegraph was quoted as saying, "[T]hematic beauty is abundant. It is exquisite in the adagio, and in the first and second allegros, the latter a kind of scherzo; when the rhythmic impulse, the power and the passion are at their extreme height, when the music becomes almost frenzied in its superb energy, the sense of sheer beauty is still strong. The composer has written a work of rare beauty, sensibility, and humanity, a work understandable of all.
The Musical Times refrained from quoting The Observerwhich was the only dissenting voice among the main newspapers. It complained Sir Adrian Boult the work was derivative of Felix MendelssohnJohannes Brahms and Richard Wagnerand thought the theme of the slow movement "cheap ready-made material".
It allowed, however, that "Elgar's orchestration is so magnificently modern that the dress disguises the skeleton. The Times noted the influence of Wagner and Brahms: "There are characteristic reminiscences of Parsifal The work is the only Symphony No 1 In A Flat symphony whose main key is A-flat major.
It is scored for three flutes one doubling piccolotwo oboes and cor anglaistwo clarinets and bass clarinettwo bassoons and contrabassoonfour hornsthree trumpetsthree trombonestubatimpanipercussion including snare drumbass drum and cymbalstwo harps Op 55 - Sir Edward Elgar / London Philharmonic Orchestra*, and strings. It is in four movements:. The symphony is in a cyclic form : the incomplete "nobilmente" Broken Rules - Out Of City - Galactica from the first movement returns in the finale for a complete grandioso statement after various transformations throughout the work.
It gently subsides back to woodwind and violas and abruptly switches to D minor, an extraordinary choice of key for the first allegro of a Symphony in A flat.
It ends quietly, "an effect of Sir Adrian Boult stillness". The second Asia - Nomadi - Nomadi In Concerto is a brisk allegro. Elgar did not call it a scherzoand though Reed calls it "vivacious",  others, including Kennedy, have found it restless and even sinister in parts. He asked orchestras to play it "like something you hear down by the river.
According to Reed, "Someone once had the temerity to ask Elgar which version, the allegro or the adagiowas written first; but the question was not very well received and the subject was not pursued. Kennedy says of the adagio that it is "unique among Elgar slow movements in the absence of that anguished yearning usually to be found in his quieter passages.
There is no Angst here, instead a benedictory tranquillity The finale begins in D minor with a slow repeat of one of the subsidiary themes of the first movement, showing Elgar in "one of his most dreamy and mysterious moods. The movement builds to a climax and ends with the nobilmente opening theme of the symphony returning "orchestrated with glittering splendour" to bring the work to a "triumphant and confident" conclusion. Woodwinds : 3 FlutesFl. Solti's fast tempi, based on the composer's own, came as a shock to Elgarians accustomed to the broader tempi taken by Harty, Sir John Barbirolli and others in Ragazzo Triste - Patty Pravo - Playlist midth century.
Later examples of slower tempi include a recording conducted by Giuseppe Sinopoliand a live recording conducted by Sir Colin Davis The first recording of the symphony was made by the London Symphony Orchestra inconducted by the composer for His Master's Voice. The recording was reissued on long-playing record LP in and on compact disc in as part of EMI 's "Elgar Edition" of all the composer's electrical recordings of his works.
After the work received no further gramophone recordings until Barley - Craig Nuttycombe - Planetorial Janitor Adrian Boult 's recording. During the s there was only one other new recording of the symphony, and in the s there were only two. In the s there were four new recordings. In the s there were six, and the s saw twelve. Ten new recordings were released in the first decade of the 21st century.
BBC Radio 3 's "Building a Library" feature, a comparative review of all available recordings, has considered the symphony three times since The Penguin Guide to Recorded Classical Musicedition, contains two pages of reviews of the work. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Elgar Symphony No. BBC Radio 3. Retrieved 7 April The New York Times4 Januaryp. Robert SimpsonPenguin Books, Harmondsworth. OCLC Edward Elgar. Violin Concerto —10 Romance Cello Concerto — Symphony No.
Elgar film. August Jaeger Caroline Alice Elgar. Jerrold Northrop Moore. Symphonies by Edward Elgar. Categories : 20th-century symphonies Symphonies by Edward Elgar compositions Compositions in A-flat major Music with dedications.
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