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A plastic bagpolybagor pouch is a type of container made of thin, flexible, plastic filmnonwoven fabricor plastic textile. Plastic bags are used for containing and transporting goods such as foods, produce, powdersice, magazineschemicalsand waste. It is a common form of packaging. Most plastic bags are heat sealed at the seams, while some are bonded with adhesives or are stitched. Many countries are introducing legislation to phase-out lightweight plastic bagsbecause plastic never fully breaks down,  causing everlasting pollution of plastics and environmental impacts.
Every year, about 1 to 5 trillion plastic bags are used and discarded around the world. From point of sale to destination, plastic bags have a lifetime of 12 minutes. Approximately bags per capita were used in Several design options and features are available.
Some bags have gussets to allow a higher volume of contents, special stand-up pouches have the ability to stand up on a shelf or a refrigerator, Plastic Bag - Modern Needs - Look Forward In Anger some have easy-opening or reclosable options. Handles Mr. In Between - Nomeansno - All Roads Lead To Ausfahrt cut into or added into some. Bags can be made with a variety of plastics films.
Other forms, including laminates and co-extrusions can be used when the physical properties are needed. Plastics to create single use bags are primarily made with Fossil fuels. Plastic bags usually use less material than comparable to boxes, cartons, or jars, thus are often considered as "reduced or minimized packaging". They added that "The current bags made from bioplastics have less favourable environmental impact profiles than the other materials examined" and that this is due to the process of raw-material production.
Depending on the construction, plastic bags can be suited for plastic recycling. They can be incinerated in appropriate facilities for waste-to-energy conversion. They are stable and benign in sanitary landfills. Mixed material recycling causes contamination of the material.
However, plastic bags are reused before discard at a rate of 1. Bags are also made with carrying Bossanova - Laibach - Spectre, hanging holes, tape attachments, or security features. Some bags have provisions for easy and controlled opening. Reclosable features, including press-to-seal zipper strips, are common for kitchen bags bought empty and for some foods.
Some bags are sealed for tamper-evident capability, including some where the press-to-reseal feature becomes accessible only when a perforated outer seal is torn away. Boil-in-bags are often used for sealed frozen foods, sometimes complete entrees. The bags are usually tough heat-sealed nylon or polyester to withstand the temperatures of boiling water. Some bags are porous or perforated to allow the hot water to contact the food: rice, noodles, etc.
Grocery stores are the single largest supplier of single Plastic Bag - Modern Needs - Look Forward In Anger plastic bags. Bag-in-box packaging is often used for Jewel - Sifow - ClaЯity such as box wine and institutional sizes of other liquids. Plastic bags are used for many medical purposes.
The non-porous quality of plastic film means that they are useful for isolating infectious body fluids; other porous bags made Heavy Accent - Doctor Structure - Doctor Structure nonwoven plastics can be sterilized by gas and maintain this sterility. Bags can be made under regulated sterile manufacturing conditions, so they can be used when infection is a health risk.
They are lightweight and flexible, so they can be carried by or laid next to patients without making the patient as uncomfortable as a heavy glass bottle would be. They are less expensive than re-usable options, such as glass bottles. Moderate quality evidence from a systematic review showed that plastic wraps or bags prevented hypothermia compared to routine care, especially in extremely preterm infants.
Flexible intermediate bulk containers are large industrial containers, usually used for bulk powders or flowables. They are usually constructed of woven heavy-duty plastic fibers.
Open bags with carrying handles are used in large numbers. Stores often provide them as a convenience to shoppers. Some stores charge a nominal fee for a bag. Heavy-duty reusable shopping bags are often considered environmentally better than single-use paper or plastic shopping bags. Because of environmental and litter problems, some locations are working toward a phase-out of lightweight plastic bags.
American and European patent applications relating to the production of plastic shopping bags can be found dating back to the early s, but these refer to composite constructions with handles fixed to the bag in a secondary manufacturing Plastic Bag - Modern Needs - Look Forward In Anger. The modern lightweight shopping bag is the invention of Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin. Thulin's design produced a simple, strong bag with a high load-carrying capacity, and was patented worldwide by Celloplast in From the mids onwards, plastic bags became common for carrying daily groceries from the store to vehicles and homes throughout the developed world.
As plastic bags increasingly replaced paper bags, and as other plastic materials and products replaced glass, metal, stone, timber and other materials, a packaging materials war erupted, with plastic shopping bags at the center of highly publicized disputes. The main innovation of this redesign is that the removal of a bag from the rack opens the next bag in the stack. The number of plastic bags used and discarded worldwide has been estimated to Plastic Bag - Modern Needs - Look Forward In Anger on the order of 1 trillion annually.
A large number of cities and counties have banned the use of plastic bags by grocery stores or introduced a minimum charge.
In SeptemberCalifornia became the first state to pass a law banning their use. Local manufacturers of plastic bags, under the legislation, would receive financial support to assist them make more durable multi-use bags, that would be sold by grocery stores rather than given away, as were the plastic bags.
In India, government has banned use of plastic bags below 50 microns. Non-compostable plastic bags can take up to years to decompose. Plastic bags are not capable of biodegradation but rather they photodegrade, a process by which the plastic bags are broken down into smaller toxic parts. In the s, many stores and companies began to use different types of biodegradable bags to comply with perceived environmental benefits. When plastic shopping bags are not disposed of properly, they can end up in streams, which Living Without You - The Rocking Teens - Smokey Mountain Boogie lead them to end Plastic Bag - Modern Needs - Look Forward In Anger in the open ocean.
To mitigate marine plastic pollution from single-use shopping bags, many jurisdictions around the world have implemented bans or fees on the use of plastic bags. Once death occurs and the animal body decomposes, the plastic reenters the environment, posing more potential problems. Marine animals are not the only animals affected by improper plastic bag disposal. Sea birds, when hunting, sense for dimethyl sulfide DMS which is produced by algae.
Plastic is Plastic Bag - Modern Needs - Look Forward In Anger breeding ground for algae, so the sea birds mistakenly eat the bag rather than the fish that typically ingests algae.
National Geographic . Plastic bags don't do well in the environment, but several government studies have found them to be an environmentally friendly carryout bag option.
According to the Recyc-Quebec, a Canadian recycling agency, "The conventional plastic Barack Mic Drop - Various - A Song A Day Keeps The Pain Away (File) has several environmental and economic advantages. Thin and light, its production requires little material and energy.
Even though the bags are plastic, you typically cannot recycle them in your curbside recycling bin. The material frequently causes the equipment used at recycling plants to jam, thus having to pause the recycle machinery and slow down daily operations [ citation needed ]. Usually, this means taking them back to the grocery store or another major retail store. Thin, conformable plastic bags, especially dry cleaning bags, have the potential to cause suffocation. Because of this, about 25 children in the United States suffocate each year due to plastic bags, almost nine-tenths of whom are under the age of one.
This has led to voluntary warning labels on some bags posing a hazard to small children. Pastry bag with convenience closure. Tamper evident evidence bag. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about a type of packaging. For the short film, see Plastic Bag film. For the song, see Plastic Bag Drake and Future song. Main article: Bin bag. Main article: Flexible intermediate bulk container. Main article: Plastic shopping bag.
Main article: Biodegradable bag. Main article: Phase-out of lightweight plastic bags. Further information: Plastic wasteGreat Pacific garbage patchand Marine debris. Ostomy bag. String bag made of plastic fibers.
Nonwoven plastic, geotextile bags. Waste Management. April Archived from the original PDF on 17 December Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 23 April The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Retrieved 17 April Wayne; Fletcher, Wade D. Clean Up Australia. Retrieved 6 June
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