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In the Seoul Games, nations were represented by a total of 8, athletes: 6, men and 2, women. The Soviets utterly dominated the medal table, winning 55 gold and total medals. No country came close to this result after The games were boycotted by North Korea and its ally, Cuba.
However, the country withdrew because of financial reasons. Seoul was chosen to host the Summer Games through a vote held on 30 Septemberfinishing ahead of the Japanese city of Nagoya. After the Olympics were awarded, Seoul also received the opportunity to stage the 10th Asian Games inusing them to test its preparation for the Olympics. Live doves were released during the opening ceremony as a symbol of world peace, but a number of the doves were burned alive or suffered major trauma by the lighting of the Olympic cauldron.
As a result of protests following the incident, the last time live doves were released at the opening ceremony was in in Barcelona, hours before the flame was lit.
Balloon doves were released in at the Lillehammer Winter Games and paper doves were used at the Atlanta Ceremony in The opening ceremony featured a skydiving team descending over the stadium and forming the five-colored Olympic Rings,  as well as a mass demonstration of taekwondo. The skydiving team trained at SkyDance SkyDiving and had hoped the opening ceremony appearance would set the stage for skydiving becoming a medal event by Hosting the Olympics presented an opportunity to bring international attention to South Korea.
After President Park's assassination inChun Doo-hwanhis successor, submitted Korea's bid to the IOC Olympic Spirit - Various - 1988 Summer Olympics Album: One Moment In Time Septemberin hopes that the increased Olympic Spirit - Various - 1988 Summer Olympics Album: One Moment In Time exposure brought by the Olympics would legitimize his authoritarian regime amidst increasing political pressure for democratization, provide protection from increasing threats from North Koreaand showcase the Korean economic miracle to the world community.
Copying the model of Tokyo Olympics as a rite of passage for the Japanese economy and re-integration of Japan in the family of nations in the post-war era, the South Korean government hoped to The Happiness Boys - Henrys Made A Lady Out Of Lizzie / Its In The Bag (Shellac) the Olympics as a "coming-out party".
In utilizing media events theory, Larson and Park investigated the Seoul Olympics as a form of political communication.
They revealed the significance of South Korea's military government throughout the period of the Olympic bid and preparation, followed by the many advantages of the Seoul Olympics: rapid economic modernization, social mobilization and the legitimization of the military dictatorship.
Existing camps for "vagrants" homeless persons were ramped up prior to the Olympics. An Associated Press article states that homeless and alcoholic persons, "but mostly children and the disabled" were arrested and sent to these camps to prepare for the Olympics. In addition, a prosecutor had his investigation into the Brothers Home camp limited at a number of levels of government "in part out of fear of an embarrassing international incident on the eve of the Olympics. Inthe previous president of South Korea had begun a policy of rounding up vagrants.
According to government documents obtained by the Associated Press, from to the number of persons held increased from 8, to more than 16, Police officers often received promotions based on the number of vagrants they had arrested, and owners of facilities received a subsidy based on the number of persons held. There were multiple reports of inmates being raped or beaten, and sometimes beaten to death. Many of the guards were former inmates who had been "promoted" because of loyalty to the camp's owner.
Various money-making operations were conducted such as manufacturing ball-point pens and fishing hooks, as well as clothing for Daewoo. Only a few inmates were paid belatedly for this work. By accident while on a hunting trip, prosecutor Kim Yong-won heard about and visited a work detail of prisoners in ragged clothes being overseen by guards with wooden Memory Motel - The Rolling Stones - Black And Blue and dogs.
In his words, he knew immediately that "a very serious crime" was occurring. And in Januaryhe led a raid on the facility and found beaten and malnourished inmates. However, he received political pressure at various levels to reduce the charges against the owner, managers, and guards. In the end, the owner only served two-and-a-half years in prison. The Brothers Home was a religious Olympic Spirit - Various - 1988 Summer Olympics Album: One Moment In Time based on the Christian faith.
There were in fact inspections by both city officials and church officials. However, these were scheduled inspections in which healthier inmates were presented in carefully planned and orchestrated circumstances. There were no unannounced inspections.
In the s, construction workers found about human bones on a mountainside outside the location of the former Brothers Home. This was made more difficult by the lack of diplomatic relations between South Korea and communist countries. This prompted action by the IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranchwho was committed to the participation of these countries. Thus, at the Assembly of National Olympic Committees in Mexico City in Novemberthe "Mexico Declaration"  was adopted; by it, the participants agreed to include the host of the Olympic Games in The IOC also decided that it would send invitations to the Games itself and did not leave this task to the organizing committee as had been done before.
Despite these developments, behind the scenes, the IOC did consider relocating the Games and explored the suitability of Munich as an alternative. Another point of conflict was the involvement of North Korea in hosting the Games, something that had been encouraged by Cuban president Fidel Castrowho called for North Korea to be considered joint host of the Games.
North Korea demanded that eleven of the 23 Olympic sports be carried out on its territory, and also demanded special opening and closing ceremonies. It wanted a joint organizing committee and a united team.
The negotiations were continued into another meeting, but were not successful. The IOC did not meet the demands of North Korea and only about half of the desired sporting events were offered to the North. So the focus thereafter was solely Viva - Julie Labelle Et Les Bavarois - Julie Et Les Bavarois En Spectacle Seoul and South Korea.
However, the country withdrew for financial reasons. Inthe Seoul Olympic Organizing Committee SLOOC decided to produce and distribute an official song of the Seoul Games to publicize the Games to all the IOC member nations, encouraging their participation in the festival and consolidating the harmony and friendship of the entire world citizens through the song. E Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games. N New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games.
The Summer Olympics featured 23 different sports encompassing 31 disciplines, and medals were awarded in events. In the list below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses. These were the demonstration sports in the games: . Athletes from nations competed at the Seoul Games.
Guam made their first Summer Olympic appearance at these games having participated in the Winter Olympics in Calgary. In the following list, the number in parentheses indicates the number of athletes from each nation that competed in Seoul: .
The official mascot for the Summer Olympic Games was Hodori. It was a stylized tiger designed by Kim Hyun as an amicable Amur tigerportraying the friendly and hospitable traditions of the Korean people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Summer Paralympics, see Summer Paralympics. President Roh Tae-woo . This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Hand in Hand Olympic theme song. Main article: Venues of the Summer Olympics. Main article: Summer Olympics medal table.
International Olympic Committee. Archived PDF from the original on 14 August Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 2 June Olympic Spirit - Various - 1988 Summer Olympics Album: One Moment In Time from the original on 4 October Retrieved 12 March Findling; Kimberly D.
Pelle Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September Archived from the original on 24 January Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 6 October Archived from the original on 27 September The Times Online UK. Retrieved 23 September Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 29 May Alejandro Guevara Onofre, Liceus. Archived from the original on 17 October Archived from the original on 10 October Archived from the original on 11 October Canadian Dreaming 2004 (Altitude Remix) - Ruff Driverz Presents Arrola - Dreaming 2004 of Sport Sciences.
Archived from the original on 30 April Halberg Trust website. Archived from the original Olympic Spirit - Various - 1988 Summer Olympics Album: One Moment In Time 5 October Archived from the original on 24 October
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