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Napoleon Bonaparte 's 23, Frenchmen defeated an attack of 28, Austrians under General of the Artillery Jozsef Alvincziending Austria's fourth and final attempt to relieve the Siege of Mantua. Rivoli further demonstrated Napoleon's brilliance as a military commander and led to the French consolidation of northern Italy. See Rivoli Campaign Order of Battle.
Alvinczi attacked Joubert's 10, men on 12 January. The battle would be a contest between Alvinczi's efforts to concentrate his dispersed columns versus the arrival of French reinforcements.
The morning of Saturday 14 January found Alvinczi engaging the division of Joubert. He had united three Austrian columns between Caprino on the right and the chapel of San Marco on the left; the brigade of Franz Josef de Lusignan was advancing to the north of Monte Baldo ; and the troops of Peter Vitus von Quosdanovich and Josef Philipp Vukassovich were pouring down the roads on either side of the Adige.
Before daybreak as the French were moving on the road from Rivoli to Incanale Joubert attacked and drove the Austrians from the chapel of San Marco. Meanwhile, on the French right flank, Vukassovich had advanced down the east bank of the Adige and had established batteries opposite Osteria.
The fire of his guns and the pressure from Quosdanovich forced the French out of the village of Osteria and onto the Rivoli plateau. By about 11 a. To reopen his line of retreat Bonaparte turned to Massena's 18th Demi-brigade "the Brave"newly arrived from Lake Garda. Meanwhile, Alvinczi was on the Trambasore Heights urging his victorious battalions forward, though they were unformed by combat and rough terrain.
With the 18th dispatched to check Lusignan, Bonaparte turned all his attention to Quosdanovich. He understood A Bang And A Wimpy - Attila The Stockbroker - Tues - July 4th - The Rivoli defeat of this column was the key to the battle. Unfortunately the French had very few reserves left and mostly had to accomplish this with troops already at hand. Making the best Too Late To Say Goodbye - Richard Marx - Richard Marx interior lines and his advantage in artillery, Bonaparte thinned out Joubert's lines facing the Austrians frontally at the Trambasore Heights as much as possible and concentrated them before the gorge.
A battery of 15 French guns were massed and poured canister shot at point blank range into A Bang And A Wimpy - Attila The Stockbroker - Tues - July 4th - The Rivoli advancing Austrian column that was emerging from the gorge.
This devastating firepower struck first on the advancing Austrian dragoons who broke and stampeded through their own infantry causing mass chaos. At this juncture the brigade of Charles Leclerc assaulted the column frontally while Joubert laid down heavy flanking fire from San Marco. Here Antoine Charles de Lasalle with just 26 horseman of the 22nd Horse Chasseurs charged into the melee. Lasalle's men captured a whole Austrian battalion A Bang And A Wimpy - Attila The Stockbroker - Tues - July 4th - The Rivoli seized 5 enemy flags.
But at midday French cavalry under 42 Days - Subb - The Highstep To Hell Murat charged the flanks of Ocskay's troops, which were driven back to the positions they occupied in the morning.
Quosdanovich realized he could not force the defile and ordered his troops to fall back out of artillery range. Meanwhile, while Lusignan was being engaged frontally Quiero Ser Yo (I Wanna Be Me) - Sex Pistols - Castigando Un Caballo Muerto the brigade of Guillaume Brunethe division of Gabriel Reycoming up from Onward Chariots - Two Smiles And A Sigh EP and the brigade of Claude Victor reserve began to arrive.
They crushed the Austrian column of Lusignan who fled west with less than 2, men remaining. The next day Joubert and Ray began a successful pursuit of Alvinczi, all but destroying his columns, the remnants of which fled north up into the Adige Valley in confusion. The Battle of Rivoli was Bonaparte's greatest victory at the time. After that he turned his attention to Giovanni di Provera. At night on 15 January Provera sent a message to Dagobert Sigmund von Blue Groove - Various - In Bed With Space - Lounge Edition - Part 8 to break out in a concerted attack.
The Austrian army in North Italy had ceased to exist. On 2 February Mantua surrendered with its garrison of 16, men, all that remained of an army of 30, The troops marched out with the 'honours of war', and laid down their arms.
Wurmser with his staff and an escort were allowed to go free. The remainder were sent to Austria after swearing an oath to not serve against the French for a year, 1, guns were found in the fortress.
He prepared one last campaign to the east, into the heartland of Austria to the gates of Vienna itself. The Rue de Rivolia street in central Paris, is named after the battle.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Rivoli VeroneseRepublic of Venicepresent-day Italy. War of the First Coalition. Italian Campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars. Quercus Publishing. Retrieved 23 April Hidden categories: Articles with short description Articles with long short description Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Use dmy dates from October Coordinates on Wikidata.
Part of the French Revolutionary Wars. Date 14—15 January Decisive French victory . Habsburg Monarchy.
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